Although Saint Patrick's Day is the national holiday of Ireland, there's a lot more to the country than the one day. I thought I'd try to pull together a few pieces of history, fact and legend to share with your children.
Disclaimer: Please keep in mind this website is meant for children, so I do generalize and simplify quite a bit!
The Republic of Ireland, a country in Europe, has some very cool ancient history, making it an essential country for children to study and know a little bit more about.
Irish (also known as Gaeilge) and English are the two officially recognized languages in the Republic of Ireland. Ulster-Scots (a dialect or particular form of language) of Scots is spoken in the Ulster region of Ireland. Other languages include, but are not limited to, Russian, Polish, French, German, Mandarin, and Japanese. The Republic of Ireland also has its own distinct form of sign language, known as Irish Sign Language (ISL).
Ireland is a country found in the Northern Hemisphere and Western Hemisphere of the globe. Historically, before the separation of the Republic of Ireland from Northern Ireland, there were 4 political divisions of Ireland, called provinces: Connacht, Leinster, Munster, and Ulster. These territorial divisions were known as “cúige,” literally meaning “fifth part,” suggesting that at one time there were five provinces. As of 2021, however, the Republic of Ireland is split into 30 political divisions (called administrative regions): Carlow, Cavan, Clare, Cork, Donegal, Dublin Corporation, Dún Laoghaire & Rathdown, Fingal, Galway, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Leitrim, Limerick, Longford, Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monoghan, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo, South Dublin, Tipperary North, Tipperary South, Waterford, Westmeath, Wexford, and Wicklow.
The Republic of Ireland is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the Celtic Sea to the south, St. George’s Channel to the southeast, and the Irish Sea to the east.
Capital city: Dublin
Language: Irish and English
National Bird: Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus)
National Animal: Irish Hare (Lepus timidus), Red Deer (Cervus elaphus), and the now extinct Irish Elk (Megaloceros giganteus)
National Flower: Lotus (Nelumbo Nucifera Gaertn)
Currency: Euro (EUR)
More Ireland Facts:
(Facts) Coloring Pages
Ireland (Folklore) Coloring Pages
Famous landmarks in Ireland include:
Cliffs of Moher, County Clare
Ring of Kerry, County Kerry
Skellig Islands, County Kerry
Blarney Stone and Castle, County Cork
Saint Patrick's Day
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